How does this medicine work? How does this help me?
Levonorgestrel belongs to the family of medicines known asprogestins. Progestins are female sex hormones used in birth control pills, usually in combination with the hormone estrogen.
Levonorgestrel is a progestogen-only contraceptive pill intended to be used within 72 hours of unprotected sex.It should only be used by women whose usual birth control methods have failed or who have had sex without birth control. It is not a substitute for the correct use of regular contraception.
This drug is believed to primarily prevent pregnancy by delaying ovulation or preventing fertilization of the egg. You can also prevent egg implantation by changing theEndometrium(inner lining of the uterus). It is important to know that once implanted and pregnancy is established, levonorgestrel cannot cause miscarriage or harm the fetus. No serious complications have been reported with this drug.
This drug reduces the risk of pregnancy in users by 8% to 1% after unprotected sex.It is most effective in the first 24 hours after intercourse.
It should be noted that this medicine does not protect against HIV infection (AIDS) or any other sexually transmitted infection.
Your doctor may have recommended this drug for conditions other than those listed in these drug information articles.Also, some forms of this drug cannot be used for all of the conditions discussed here. If you have not discussed this with your doctor or are not sure why you are taking this medicine, talk to your doctor.Do not stop taking this medicine without talking to your doctor.
Do not give this medicine to other people, even if they have the same symptoms as you.It may be harmful for people to take this medicine unless your doctor prescribes it.
How should I use this medicine?
The 1.5 mg tablet included in the kit should be taken as soon as possible within 72 hours of unprotected intercourse.The medicine is most effective if taken within 12 to 24 hours after unprotected sex.
Because this medicine is commonly associated with nausea, your doctor may want you to take medicines to prevent nausea at the same time as you are taking these pills. If you vomit within 2 hours of taking the tablet contact your doctor as you may need to take another dose. This medicine can be used at any time during the menstrual cycle. It can be taken with or without food. Taking it with food can help reduce nausea.
Most women will have their expected menstrual period within 7 days of using this medicine.If you don't get your period within 7 days of your expected date,you should take a pregnancy test.
Many things can affect the dose of medication a person needs, such as: B. body weight, other diseases and other medications.If your doctor has recommended a different dose than those listed here,Do not change the way you take your medication without consulting your doctor.
It is important that you take this medicine exactly as your doctor has told you. Levonorgestrel is not intended for routine contraceptive use.
Do not throw any medicines down the drain (e.g. sink or toilet) or in the trash. Ask your pharmacist how to dispose of medicines you no longer use or which have expired.
In what form is this medicine available?
Each white to off-white, uncoated, flat, round tablet debossed with “251” on one side contains 1.5 mg levonorgestrel.Non-Medicinal Ingredients:colloidal silicon dioxide, corn starch, lactose monohydrate, magnesium stearate and polyvinylpyrrolidone K-25.
Who should NOT take this drug?
Do not take this medicine if you:
- are allergic to levonorgestrel or any ingredient in this medicine
- is or may be pregnant
- have undiagnosed abnormal vaginal bleeding
What side effects are possible with this medicine?
Many medications can have side effects.A side effect is an unwanted reaction to a drug when taken in normal doses. Side effects can be mild or severe, temporary or permanent.
The side effects listed below do not occur in everyone who takes this medication.If you are concerned about side effects, discuss the risks and benefits of this medication with your doctor.
The following side effects have been reported by at least 1% of people taking this drug. Many of these side effects can be controlled, and some may go away on their own over time.
Contact your doctor if you experience these side effects and they are severe or bothersome. Your pharmacist can advise you on how to deal with side effects.
- there belly
- irregular, changed or heavier menstrual bleeding
- to vomit
Although most of the side effects listed below are not very common, they can cause serious problems if you do not consult a doctor.
Contact your doctor as soon as possible if you experience any of the following side effects:
- Cramps or severe abdominal pain before your next normal period
- painful menstruation
- vaginal discharge
- very heavy vaginal bleeding
Some people may experience side effects other than those listed.Contact your doctor if you experience any symptoms that worry you while taking this medicine.
Are there any other precautions or warnings for this drug?
Before you start taking any medication, be sure to tell your doctor about any medical conditions or allergies you may have, any medications you are taking, whether you are pregnant or breastfeeding, and any other important facts about your health. These factors can affect the way you should use this medicine.
Reduced effectiveness:This medicine may be less effective in women who weigh more than 75 kg. Regardless of body weight, this medication should be taken as soon as possible after unprotected intercourse to ensure the most reliable result. If you weigh more than 165 pounds, ask your doctor or pharmacist for advice on emergency contraception.
Diabetes:Although few women have lost blood sugar control when taking progestogen-only pills, women with diabetes should monitor their blood sugar carefully after taking this drug.
liver problems:The safety of this drug for use in people with liver disease has not been established. If you have liver disease, talk to your doctor if you need special monitoring.
Migraine:Severe headaches or migraines may occur after taking a dose of levonorgestrel.
sexually transmitted infections:This medicine does not protect against sexually transmitted infections, including HIV or AIDS. Latex condoms should be used to protect against these infections.
The pregnancy:This medication should not be used during pregnancy. It will not terminate an already established pregnancy.
breastfeeding:Small amounts of progestin pass into the breast milk of women who take progestin-only pills. No side effects have been noted when using this drug during lactation, neither on the quality and quantity of milk, nor on the growth and development of the child.
What other drugs can interact with this medicine?
There may be an interaction between levonorgestrel and any of the following medicines:
- Antibiotika (Ampicillin, Cotrimoxazol, Tetracyclin, Clarithromycin)
- Barbiturate (z. B. Pentobarbital, Phenobarbital)
- kobischer Status
- Medications for diabetes (eg, canagliflozin, glyburide, insulin, metformin, rosiglitazone)
- that something
- HIV-Protease-Inhibitoren (with B. Atazanavir, Indinavir, Ritonavir, Saquinavir)
- Low molecular weight heparins (eg, dalteparin, enoxaparin, tinzaparin)
- lumacaftor and ivacaftor
- Weed of San Juan
- tranexamic acid
Since only one levonorgestrel tablet is taken, the effects of these drugs on how levonorgestrel works are likely to be minimal.If you are taking any of these medicines, ask your doctor or pharmacist.Depending on your specific circumstances, your doctor may want you to:
- stop taking any of the medicines
- swapping one of the drugs for another,
- change the way you take one or both of your medications, or
- leave everything as it is.
An interaction between two drugs does not always mean that you should stop one of them.Talk to your doctor about how drug interactions are or should be treated.
Drugs other than those listed above may interact with this medication.Tell your doctor or prescribing doctor about all prescription, over-the-counter (OTC), and herbal medicines you are taking. Also let them know about any supplements you are taking. Because caffeine, decongestants, alcohol, nicotine from cigarettes, or street drugs can affect how many medications work, you should let your doctor know if you're taking them.
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